Main Article Content


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the ways and objectives of the use of turmeric by Balinese, as well as the phytochemical content and antioxidant capacity of turmeric extract which is traditionally processed in Bali.

Research methods: The method and purpose of utilizing turmeric were obtained through observation and interviews with 900 Balinese respondents. Quantitative phytochemical tests include starch, protein, flavonoid, tannin, phenol and vitamin C levels and qualitatively for the presence of triterpenes, steroids, alkaloids, and saponins. Antioxidant capacity was measured using the DPPH method.

Findings: Through this research, we found there were only 36.8% of respondents had ever used turmeric as a traditional medicine. Utilization of turmeric was mostly in the form of loloh or traditional drinks. Phytochemical test results showed turmeric extract had 67.38% starch, 3.42% protein, 2709.39 mg/100 gr flavonoids, tannins 291.64 mg/100gr, phenol 1584.04 mg/100 gr, and vitamin C 0.06 mg/100gr. Qualitatively, turmeric extract contained triterpenes, alkaloids, and saponins, but did not contain steroids. The antioxidant capacity of turmeric extract was 70.9 mg/L GAEAC.

Implications: Turmeric extract is a traditional medicine made from nature that is most commonly used by Balinese and very potential to be developed as an antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, or other benefits that still need further investigation.


phytochemical and antioxidant capacity test turmeric extract Bali

Article Details

How to Cite
Permatananda, P. A. N. K., Aryastuti, A. A. S. A., Cahyawati, P. N., Udiyani, D. P. C., Wijaya, D., Pandit, I. G. S., & Wirajaya, A. A. N. M. (2020). Phytochemical and Antioxidant Capacity Test on Turmeric Extract (Curcuma Longa) Traditionally Processed in Bali. Jurnal Bali Membangun Bali, 1(2), 135-142.


  1. Agustina S 2016 The Inhibiotin of Typhonium flagelliforme lodd Blume Leaf Extract on COX-2 Expression of WiDr Colon Cancer Cells Asian Pasific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 6(3) p251- 255.
  2. Ahmad I, Farrukh A, Mohammad O 2006 Modern Phytomedicine: Turning Medicinal Plants into Drugs (Winheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH).
  3. Chen J, Xia N, Zhao J, Chen J, Henny R J 2013 Chromosome Numbers and Ploidy Levels of Chinese Curcuma Species Hortscience 48 (5) p 525-530.
  4. Gupta S C, Sung B, Kim J H, Prasad S, Li S, Aggarwal B B 2013 Multitargeting by Turmeric, The Golden Spice: From Kitchen to Clinic Molecular Nutrition and Food Research 57(9) p 1510-1528.
  5. Hasan M, Mahmud M 2014 The Contribution of Turmeric Research and Development in The Economy of Bangladesh: An Ex-Postanalysis International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology 4(1) p1-10.
  6. Heo S J, Park E J, Lee K W, Jeon Y J 2005 Antioxidant Activities of Enzymatic Extracts from Brown Seaweeds Bioresource Technology 96 p1613-1623
  7. Kim D H 2016 Effects of Turmeric (Curcuma longa L) on The Physiochemical Characteristics of Kochujang Druing Fermentation Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry 56 p101-107.
  8. Kim D W, Lee S M, Woo H S 2016 Chemical Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Activity of The Aerial Parts of Curcuma longa Journal of Functional Foods 26 p485-493.
  9. Sari I D, Yuniar Y, Siahaan S, Riswati, Syaripuddin M 2015 Tradisi Masyarakat dalam Penanaman dan Pemanfaatan Tanaman Obat Lekat di Pekarangan Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia 5(2) p123- 132.
  10. Sathi A S 2017 A Review on Pharmacological and Cosmeceutical Properties of Curcuma Longa Intl J Pharmaceut Sci Res 2(1) p9-16
  11. Sera K, Seok Chun K, Yoon Sook K, Sang Keun H, Ho Young P, Yongkon P, Sang Hoon L 2019 Determination of Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric) Leaf Extraction Conditions Using Response Surface Methodology to Optimize Extraction Yield and Antioxidant Content 2019 Journal of Food Quality p1-8.
  12. Sirirugsa P, Larsen K, Maknoi C 2007 The genus Curcuma L (Zingiberaceae): distribution and classification with reference to species diversity in Thailand Gard Bull Sing 59 (2) p203- 220.
  13. Subositi D, Wahyono S 2019 Study of The Genus Curcuma in Indonesia Used As Traditional Herbal Medicine BIODIVERSITAS 20(5) p 2085-4722.
  14. Tanvir E M, Hossen M S, Hossain M F, Afroz R, Gan S H, Khalil M I, Karim N 2017 Antioxidant Properties of Popular Turmeric (Curcuma longa) Varieties from Bangladesh Journal of Food Quality p1-8.
  15. Zhang L, Wei J, Yang Z, Chen F, Xian Q, Su P, Pan W, Zhang K, Zheng X, Du Z 2018 Distribution and diversity of twelve Curcuma species in China Nat Prod Res 32 (3) p327-330.